National Centre for the Replacement Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research

National Centre for the Replacement Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research

The three Rs are three basic skills taught in schools: reading, writing and arithmetic. The phrase appears to have been coined at the beginning of the 19th century. The term has also been used to name other triples. Derived from Wikipedia licensed CC-BY-SA.

Open Access statistics for National Centre for the Replacement Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research, United Kingdom, covering academic research published from 2003 to 2023. Read More.


Open Access Percentage

64%


Total
Publications

258


Total Open
Publications

165


Total
Citations

33K


Open Access
Percentage

64%


Total
Publications

258


Total Open
Publications

165


Total
Citations

33K

Wikipedia

Website

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Breakdown

17% 38% 9% 36%

Publisher Open

17%

Both

38%

Other Platform Open

9%

Closed

36%

Percentage of Open Access over time

0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%
200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020202120222023

Publisher Open

Both

Other Platform Open

Closed

Volume of Open Access over time

051015202530Total Publications
200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020202120222023

Open

Closed

Publisher Open

22%OA Journal

OA Journal 22%

31

Hybrid 63%

91

No Guarantees 15%

21

Other Platform Open

Domain 68%

81

Institution 61%

73

Public 13%

16

Preprint 8%

10

Other Internet 4%

5

Other Platform Locations

Name

Platform Type

Publications

PubMed Central
Domain
81
Europe PMC
Domain
46
University of Bristol - Bristol Research
Institution
42
University of Edinburgh - Edinburgh Research Explorer
Institution
25
University College London - UCL Discovery
Institution
19
Semantic Scholar
Public
11
University of Plymouth - PEARL
Institution
9
King's College London - Research Portal
Institution
7
Figshare
Public
6
Unknown Repository
Other Internet
5
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Data updated 17 June 2024

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