Crossref

Crossref

Crossref is a nonprofit open digital infrastructure organisation for the global scholarly research community. Uniquely and persistently recording and connecting knowledge through open metadata and identifiers for all research objects such as grants and articles. Derived from Wikipedia licensed CC-BY-SA.

Open Access statistics for Crossref, United States, covering academic research published from 2001 to 2023. Read More.


Open Access Percentage

78%


Total
Publications

77


Total Open
Publications

60


Total
Citations

585


Open Access
Percentage

78%


Total
Publications

77


Total Open
Publications

60


Total
Citations

585

Wikipedia

Website

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Breakdown

53% 24% 1% 22%

Publisher Open

53%

Both

24%

Other Platform Open

1%

Closed

22%

Percentage of Open Access over time

0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020202120222023

Publisher Open

Both

Other Platform Open

Closed

Volume of Open Access over time

0123456789101112Total Publications
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020202120222023

Open

Closed

Publisher Open

32%OA Journal

OA Journal 32%

19

Hybrid 48%

28

No Guarantees 20%

12

Other Platform Open

Other Internet 42%

8

Domain 37%

7

Institution 26%

5

Public 21%

4

Preprint 16%

3

Other Platform Locations

Name

Platform Type

Publications

DOI
Other Internet
10
Europe PMC
Domain
6
PubMed Central
Domain
5
University of Edinburgh - Edinburgh Research Explorer
Institution
4
Semantic Scholar
Public
3
bioRxiv
Preprint
3
Curtin University - eSpace
Institution
2
Zenodo
Public
1
Unknown Repository
Other Internet
1
Jagiellonian University - Jagiellonian University Repository
Institution
1
1 / 2

Data updated 14 March 2024

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